As the name suggests, chemical peeling use of chemicals on the skin. The application of the chemical on the skin produces controlled and invisible removal of outer dead skin layer. The chemicals are called peeling agents. These are mainly made of fruit acids and other skin friendly substances in a very concentrated form. Peeling also leads to removal of uneven complexion, suppresses melanin which produce darkening of skin and also leads to tightening of underlying fibers. These qualities of the chemical are used to treat:
- Acne and acne scars
- Dullness of skin
- Fine wrinkles on face especially around and under the eye and mouth.
- Uneven skin pigmentation.
- Sun-damaged skin.
How does the chemical act?
The chemical are derived from fruits and milk. They induce removal of outer dead layer of cell apart from producing burns to the outer layer, also induces tightening changes in the elastic and collagen fibers of the skin. The skin looks younger, glowing and firmer.
How does the chemical act?
Though there are several agents available, mainly one of the following will be used.
Alpha Hydroxy acids: Also known as fruit acids. Glycolic acid is the most commonly used. It is mainly used to treat:
- Fine wrinkles.
- Uneven pigmentation
- Rough dark skin due to excessive sun exposure
- Freckles and other age spots
Beta Hydroxy acids: Salysalic acid is the most commonly used agent. The use remains more or less same as alpha hydroxy acids but gives better results in acne.
Phenol : Phenol peels produce very deep peels. It requires anesthesia. It is not advised for the dark skin people as they can have bad scarring and pigmentation changes.
What does the procedure involves?
An assessment of the skin condition is made. This well help to decide the type of chemical to be used. The skin will be cleansed to remove any makeup, dust particles and oil from the face. The selected chemical is then applied for 3 to 7 minutes. The peel will be neutralized by distilled water or specific neutralizer.
What will I feel during and after the peel?
Once the peel is applied, you will notice a burning of the skin. This may increase with the duration of the peel. Towards the end the burning sensation will start decreasing. Once the peel is neutralized, you may need ice packs.
What care I need to take during this period?
You have to be very regular in use of sunscreens and other creams that the doctor will prescribe.
Will I need multiple sessions?
Depending on the problem, you will be advised number of sessions necessary for the results. These may be spaced at the interval of 1 to 4 weeks. The interval is decided by the skin type, the indication of the peel and the strength of the peeling agent.
There are various types of peels available
Management Peel It targets current breakouts and past marks as well as prevents future breakouts. It uses cleansing by antimicrobials followed by skin treatment with anti-acne medicines, BHA. It is followed therapy to improve hydration of the skin. A soothing mask is applied at the end.
Detannning Peel This targets the uneven complexion that happens on face due to sun exposure. A preliminary cleansing is followed by AHA peel. A soothing mask is applied at the end.
Anti-aging Peels It takes care of fine wrinkles and provides fresh glowing younger looking skin. After cleansing skin is treated with mild AHA. This will lead to invisible peeling effect. A soothing mask will make it a comfortable experience.
Maintenance Program: This as the name suggests is for regular skin management program. After the peeling sessions are over, it is important to maintain the result with the use of creams and regular skin maintenance program. The skin is cleansed and treated with polishing. The treatment is followed by Vitamin C therapy which improves glow and clears complexion irregularities.
Advanced Skin Peeling The advanced skin peeling takes care of wrinkles, dullness, complexion irregularities and skin laxity.. Skin will be glowing, uniformly fair, tight and free from fine wrinkles.